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Scrolling to wisdom: the impact of social media news exposure on knowledge perceptionuse asterix (*) to get italics
Federica Ruzzante, Gustavo Cevolani, Folco PanizzaPlease use the format "First name initials family name" as in "Marie S. Curie, Niels H. D. Bohr, Albert Einstein, John R. R. Tolkien, Donna T. Strickland"
<p>The present study aims to test the effect of exposure to news in a social media environment on people’s perceived knowledge of selected topics and on the “illusion of knowledge” effect, i.e., the overestimation of one’s perceived knowledge relative to one’s actual knowledge. We furthermore investigate how the effect of exposure varies depending on the level of self-involvement in the topics covered by the news.</p> <p>The research protocol consists of an online study composed of pre-exposure assessment, stimuli presentation, and brief post-exposure questionnaires. The study employs a mixed design, and it is divided into two sessions, scheduled two weeks apart. Participants will be randomly assigned to one of three experimental groups, characterized by the content of the newsfeed they will scroll through. Participants will be asked to assess their perceived knowledge of several topics, before (T1) and after (T2) having scrolled through a mock social media news feed resembling Facebook’s, where they will find news articles about two of those topics. In addition, perceived knowledge will be compared to a standardised test of factual knowledge to measure the possible presence of the illusion of knowledge.</p> <p>We hypothesize that social media exposure will increase participants’ perceived knowledge and that such an increase will be greater for participants exposed to topics perceived as more involving. We further expect participants’ perceived knowledge to be unmatched by their actual knowledge, thus observing illusion of knowledge, and that this phenomenon will be similarly affected by exposure and perceived involvement in the topic. This discrepancy will be tested across groups to check whether it is enhanced by news exposure.</p>
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Illusion of knowledge, social media, cognitive bias
Social sciences
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2022-10-12 21:16:51
Moin Syed